Complications of cholesterol – how do we recognize them?
High cholesterol levels are a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. In addition, recent studies have shown that there is a strong link between high levels of bad cholesterol and liver and brain diseases.
A high value of cholesterol can lead to atherosclerosis, a dangerous accumulation of bad cholesterol on the walls of the arteries. Over time, these build-ups become stronger and turn into plates. They can reduce blood flow and, if you do not take action, it blocks them completely.
Heart attack and stroke
If a blood clot blocks the bloodstream and an artery breaks or some vital organs are no longer fed with blood, a heart attack or a stroke occurs.
Peripheral artery disease
It installs when the blood flow at the extremities is deficient. This problem is caused by the deposit of cholesterol in the veins that carry the blood in the hands and feet.
Peripheral artery disease occurs most commonly around the legs. In addition to reducing limb blood flow, the disease limits blood flow to the heart and brain.
People who suffer from this condition are at increased risk of myocardial infarction and stroke and may even suffer from limb amputations.
Few people are aware of the fact that, in addition to heart disease, high cholesterol levels severely affect kidney function.
Studies have shown that high cholesterol values significantly reduce kidney function and accelerate the development of chronic renal failure.
The greatest danger is fatty liver disease, called liver steatosis. It is important to immediately start a low-fat diet to protect your liver.
There are many factors that may increase a person’s risk of having high cholesterol:
A diet low in nutrients – eating saturated fats found in animal foods and Trans fats found in biscuits and cookies / cakes in the market, cholesterol levels rise. Red meat and fatty dairy products will also increase total cholesterol.
Obesity – people with a body mass index of 30 or above are at increased risk of increased cholesterol.
The waist circumference has a high value – high cholesterol risk increases if you are a man with a waist circumference of at least 102 centimetres or if you are a woman with a waist circumference of at least 89 centimetres.
Lack of physical activity – exercise helps raise good cholesterol or HDL, while they increase the size of particles that produce “bad” cholesterol (LDL), making them less harmful.
Smoking – people who smoke must know that this vice is damaging the walls of blood vessels, making them more prone to fat storage. Also, smoking can reduce HDL cholesterol (or good cholesterol).
Diabetes – high glycaemia, a high blood glucose concentration in the blood, contributes to higher LDL (bad) cholesterol and also lowers good cholesterol (HDL); it is also worth remembering that high blood sugar can damage the lining or the walls of the arteries.