Triglycerides: Complete Guide – Find out why they are dangerous

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Increased triglycerides indicate high cholesterol?
If both triglycerides and cholesterol are high, then you may suffer from lipid metabolism disorder. But if the triglycerides are increased and cholesterol has normal values, the patient has hypertriglyceridemia.

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What is the link between triglycerides and cholesterol?
Both triglycerides and cholesterol indicate the level of fat in the blood. These two lipids cause thickening of the walls of the arteries and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.

High levels of triglycerides
Risks of high levels of triglycerides
What diseases generate high levels of triglycerides?
Increased levels of triglycerides result in diseases such as atherosclerosis, stroke, heart attack, or pancreatitis.

What is hypertriglyceridemia?
Hypertriglyceridemia is the disease that manifests by the increase in triglyceride levels in the blood.
The risk of vascular accidents
Hypertriglyceridemia is associated with atherosclerosis even when cholesterol does not exceed normal levels. Therefore, high levels of triglycerides in the blood increase the risk of stroke.

The risk of type 2 diabetes
Increased triglyceride levels in the blood also affect the risk of type 2 diabetes. Triglycerides that exceed normal levels indicate that the body experiences problems in the process of transforming food into energy. Normally, the body produces insulin, which carries glucose, that is, blood sugar, to cells.

And the body then converts glucose into energy. Insulin is the one that allows the body to use triglycerides to get energy. Increased triglyceride levels indicate insulin resistance, which is, in fact, the first step towards type 2 diabetes.
Risk of liver and pancreas diseases
If you have too many triglycerides, you may also have liver steatosis, or fatty liver. Liver steatosis occurs as a result of fat accumulation in the liver and, if untreated, can cause irreversible damage to it.

The main causes of increased levels of triglycerides in the body
The main causes of the increase in triglyceride levels in the body are as follows:
Overweight – not all overweight people have increased triglycerides, but most do. The level of triglycerides is closely related to the fat stored on the abdomen.
Genetic factors – hypertriglyceridemia is a disease that can be genetically inherited. People who have a single parent who has problems with increased triglycerides have a very high chance of inheriting this predisposition.
Aging – blood triglyceride levels are more likely to increase as we age, especially because lifestyle is becoming slower with the passage of years.
Unhealthy diet – an unhealthy diet, based on fat and carbohydrates, is the highest triglyceride enemy. Constant consumption of unhealthy foods causes excessive increases in triglyceride levels in the blood.
Side effects of some medicines – triglyceride increases may also occur as a result of taking medicines that have this side effect. Antipsychotic medicines, blood pressure regulators, oestrogen, steroids and retinoid medication also have these side effects.

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Diseases that cause increased levels of triglycerides
A number of conditions also trigger increased levels of triglycerides: diabetes, kidney disease, hypothyroidism and alcoholism.

Symptoms of high levels of triglycerides
What are the symptoms of high levels of triglycerides?
The high level of triglycerides in the blood does not cause symptoms.

How can you lower the level of triglycerides in your body?
The decrease in blood triglycerides happens by changing your lifestyle.
Pay attention to food – foods rich in unhealthy fat as well as those high in sugars should be completely eliminated from the diet, but if the patient cannot do that, it is good to limit the amounts consumed. Also, calories consumed daily should not exceed the needs of the body, otherwise unconsumed calories will turn into triglycerides.
Reduce sugar intake – it is not enough not to eat sugar in pure form, but you also need to avoid foods that contain sugar, such as pastries, confectionery, yogurt and even cereals which you eat at breakfast.
Eat as many fibres as possible – fibre consumption lowers triglyceride levels in the blood so you should replace pasta and flour products with whole grains such as rice or quinoa.
Consume healthy fats – the body needs fat, but healthy, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats like those found in avocados, walnuts and olive oil.
Drop alcohol and sweet drinks – everything that surpasses a glass of alcoholic drink for women and two for men has an immediate impact on triglycerides in the blood, raising their values. Fructose in juices, whether natural or not, also increases triglyceride levels, so keep to consuming water or lemon juice if thirsty.
Get rid of extra pounds – fat, especially around the waist, increases blood triglycerides. To reduce triglycerides, it’s essential to get the optimum weight for your height.
Practice sports – sports not only help you lose weight and keep you in shape, but physical activity also reduces triglyceride levels in your blood. Half an hour of physical activity per day is enough to reduce triglycerides in the blood. If you are not an athletic person, opt for swimming, yoga, Pilates or outdoor walks.
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